What Are Some Of The
Important Parts In An Aircon?
Installing an air conditioner is one of the options you
cannot do without. This is when you want to stay cool
especially during warmer months or summer. Most of the
households prefer an air conditioner. The air conditioner
used to be in the rich home, offices and hotel only, but
since the temperatures are increasing in most places in the
world, it has become a common household item in most homes
around the world. It amazes many people how a tiny box can
make a room so cool and comfortable. With cool temperatures
one is able to have a good sleep even in the night of
summer. You will also be able to do your chores throughout
the day comfortably. However, have you ever asked yourself
how this machine works?
An air conditioner has essential components. The important
major components are three. They are the everporator, the
condenser and the compressor. In order for you to understand
the functionality of the air conditioner, how the hot air in
your home suddenly becomes cold, in this article we will be
able to explain what happens around these crucial aircon
# The compressor.
This is considered to be an important part of the air
conditioner. This is also the most expensive part to fix.
The air conditioner system operates with the mechanism of
refrigeration. It uses the refrigerant to compress air that
enters into it. It enters the compressor as a low pressure
gas and cuts its size in order for the molecules to compact
and increase the temperature and energy. This results in
cooling it and then it changes to the high pressure liquid
which cools the air which enters your home or office.
This is the radiator whereby the refrigerant is condensed
from the status of gas to the liquid form. How does this
happens? This component receives the gas from the compressor
at very high pressure and high temperatures. In air cooled
condensers, a metallic surface then cools the gas. This is
what changes the status and then turns to liquid. The
cooling effect is then brought by the circulation of water
which produces the same effect of cooling. This is the case
of water cooled condensers.
# The evaporator
This happens to be the final step inside the cycle of the
air conditioner. This is the point where the refrigerant
evaporates from the state of the liquid to the gaseous
state. The cold liquid which emanates from the condenser
then expands forming the gaseous form. When the refrigerant
evaporates, it becomes very cold enabling the surrounding
areas to be cool. The circulation of the water goes on and
this is what produces the cooling effect.
There are also other supporting but also crucial aircon
parts components in your air conditioner. These parts are:
The air conditioner enables you to have clean air in your
car or room. This is achievable by an in-built filter which
eliminates all the dust that floats around the air. However,
with time the dust accumulates in the filter and therefore
it is important to check the filter regularly in order to
remove the dirt or you may have to replace it.
This component is important in regulating the temperature in
the room or in your car.
You may not be comfortable in your room if the sound of
whirring the compressor produces is too loud. The muffler is
an important gadget since it suppresses the sound so that
you have no sound inside the house.
# Capillary tube
This is a narrow tube which is connected in between the
evaporator and the condenser. It has the diameter which
ranges from 1-2 mm. the length of capillary tube is between
1-2 m. this is an important component since it allows the
amount of gas that gets into the evaporator.
This is commonly referred to as Freon. This is the gas or
liquid which passes through the component that are found in
the air conditioner.
# Charge port.
This commonly known as Schrader valve. This is the valve
where the refrigerant it inserted into the system. It also
checks for the pressure of the system.
# Indoor fan
This exhausts air from indoor environment then conveys it to
the evaporator. At this point, the air becomes cool and this
is the mechanism through which the air becomes cool and then
it is distributed back to the surrounding of the
# Outdoor fan This particular component enables the air to circulate
through to the condenser. This enables the refrigerant to
# Air handle
The air conditioner largely depends on the furnace or the
air handler unit for it to draw in warm air and then send
out the cool air through the supplying register and ducts.
It also drains the hoses running alongside air handle. It
also releases the excess water through condensate drain.
# Cycling switch
This component regulates operation of compressor. This
depends on the system temperatures or the pressure.
# Hose assembly
This a combination of steel or aluminum pipes depending on
the model and the rubber. This is where the Freon is passed
to other main parts.
# Refrigerant oil.
This is the oil that lubricates the moving parts in the
system. This is crucial for its durability and avoiding the
This is also referred to as a drier. This is the storage
filter and tank for Freon.th main purpose of this part is to
ensure that no moisture that is found in the refrigerant.
# Orifice tube.
This is also referred to as the expansion valve. This
component regulates liquid refrigerant which goes into the
bottom of evaporator. In real sense, it acts as a restrainer
when it comes to flowing of liquid refrigerant.
# Compressor clutch.
This component is used to engage or disengage the
# Expansion valve
This component regulates the flow of refrigerant within the
air conditioner. It also works under the variable
temperatures and pressure. The valves are normal employed to
ensure the sustainability of flow of liquid in the air
@bsolute Aircon- Aircon Servicing & Repair Company in
Thank you for the great service and also
knowledgeable air conditioner technician who
explained to me in detail on what happened to my
air conditioner. Highly recommended.
Mr Daniel Seah (Hillview Ave)
@bsolute Aircon- Your solution for all
types air conditioner Servicing, Chemical Wash & Repair
Services in Singapore
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